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Robotic lawn mower

By PriceRunner Updated 09/03/2018

Robotic lawnmowers have existed for more than 20 years, but it’s only in recent years that they’ve really taken off in popularity. This is at least partially due to falling prices, but also because the range of models has grown and robotic lawn mowers generally have improved significantly. Another important factor is probably that many people buy their own robotic lawn mower after seeing that the neighbour's model actually does the job and produces a satisfactory cutting result. This means that robotic lawnmowers spread in clusters, with one area of housing having considerably more than the next. But the trend is clear. The robotisation of lawn mowing is unstoppable. The traditional push lawn mower is still far from extinct, but the robotic lawn mower represents a constantly increasing share of new sales.

Major differences between different models

It’s hardly surprising that not all robotic lawnmowers are as good, and factors such as performance, efficiency, reliability, functionality and safety vary more than you might think between different models. With a correctly executed installation, the best robotic lawn mowers can get by for several weeks without stoppages, while the worst can have difficulties even finding their way home to charge. The best lawn mowers require little adaptation in terms of cable laying and surface for reliable cutting, while the worst ones have strict requirements in terms of surface, gradient and the design of the area to be cut. The safest robotic lawn mowers are so well designed that it's almost impossible to injure yourself on them, while the worst can constitute a safety hazard for things like feet or inquisitive small fingers. Some models can even escape from their enclosure and play havoc with the neighbour's flowerbeds

Our tests show that more expensive robotic lawn mowers generally perform better than cheaper ones, but that’s not always the case. Nor is it certain that a robotic lawn mower with a good theoretical performance in terms of surface capacity and gradient will live up to this in practice. In other words, you shouldn’t get too caught up in the specifications about how many square metres a robotic lawn mower can cut in theory. What’s much more important is the robotic lawn mower’s reliability and how much perimeter wire is supported by the base station, as these factors are more decisive in determining the cutting area it can cope with. Another factor to take into account is the type of signal used by the robotic lawn mower’s perimeter wire. Some models actually interfere with other robotic lawnmowers, which isn’t exactly desirable for a good relationship with your neighbours.

How much must I spend on a robotic lawn mower?

In our test of robotic lawn mowers, we have tested the market’s foremost models to find out how well they perform. The best robotic lawnmowers perform really well, but you get what you pay for and a model that can cope with a moderately tough to difficult lawn costs about £1500. However, this should be viewed in relation to the most expensive models that cost upwards of £5000. But if you have a flat, uncomplicated and not too large lawn you can get by with a significantly simpler model for around £1000. However, there's a big difference between a budget and premium robotic lawn mower, and a budget model isn't always enough to get the job done.

Because both price and performance vary so significantly between different models, we have divided the test candidates into three different price classes and named the winner in each price class as follows:

Budget: up to £1100 Robotic lawn mowers in this price class should be able to cope with smaller, uncomplicated lawns with a uniform surface. Both problem-solving ability and terrain-handling abilities are normally quite limited.

Medium: approx. £1100-£2000 In this price class you should be able to expect that the robotic lawn mower will be able to cope with relatively tough lawns of around 1000 m². Both the problem-solving ability and terrain-handling abilities should be sufficiently good to deal with the majority of lawns. Unfortunately, many medium priced models can’t cope with this.

Premium: more than £2000 Models in this price class should be able to cope with large, complicated lawns with many obstacles, narrow passages and complex cable laying. They should ideally also be able to cope with steep gradients and troublesome surfaces. Unfortunately a large proportion of premium models fall down on several of these points.

How the test was made

We carry out our tests ourselves and test all products as they are intended to be used in reality. The robotic lawn mower is what’s known as an “autonomous robot”, which means that it works independently. So it needs to be able to cope with a number of different situations and environments. Evaluating how it actually deals with these requires major product knowledge and is time-consuming.

To obtain test results that are as reliable as possible, we have tested the robotic lawn mowers for several months, on several different types of lawns and in different types of weather. This makes it possible to judge long-term effects and seasonal impact. For example, it’s often wet in the autumn but dry in high summer. The grass grows mostly at the start of the summer and the lawn is most brittle during the dryness of high summer and the autumn rains. Testing robotic lawnmowers under all these conditions also gives a better overall picture than simply testing them for a couple of weeks in the early summer – something that is common in other robotic lawn mower tests.

It’s also common in other tests to use only one grass area per model, on which the test body artificially tries to include all types of difficulty. However, our experience tells us that it’s extremely difficult to succeed with this. Primarily because it’s so difficult to predict all of the types of difficulties that different lawns present. So we think that the more types of lawn that a robotic lawn mower is tested on, the better.

In our assessment we have focused on the following characteristics:

  • Performance, effectiveness & reliability: How big an area of grass can the robotic lawn mower cope with? How intelligent is it? How effectively does it work in terms of time and cutting results? How long do you need to spend on the lawn? How good are the cutting results over the short and long term? How reliable is it? How often does it stop and report an error message, and in what situations? How good are the robotic lawn mower’s terrain-handling abilities? How does it cope with unevenness, roots, paths, steep slopes and loose surfaces? How does it cope with obstacles such as trees, bushes, flowerbeds, raised vegetable beds, sand pits, swings and trampolines? How well does it cut long, coarse and wet grass? How kind is it on brittle grass? How does the robotic lawn mower avoid wheel tracks along the perimeter wire? How does it cope with narrow passages, sharp corners, areas full of obstacles or secondary areas? How flexible can the cable laying be for it still to cope? Does it have an edge cutting function?

  • Ease of use: Is the installation quick and straightforward or slow and fiddly? Are there clear instructions, such as detailed illustrations or YouTube videos? How easy is the robotic lawn mower to programme? Is the menu system easy to navigate? How does the robotic lawn mower communicate with its owner? What type of information does it give? Can it be controlled with an app? How well designed is the app and what functionality does it have? How noisy is the robotic lawn mower? Can you be in the garden without being disturbed by the noise it produces? Can it work at night without disturbing the neighbours?

  • Design & construction quality: How well designed is the robotic lawn mower? How attractive is it? How well does the design aid the terrain-handling abilities? Do the wheels give good grip while simultaneously being kind to the lawn? How much stress and wear does the construction tolerate? How tough are the blades? How quietly do the blades work, and how much force is required to power them? Do the blades give a neat cut or do they tear the grass? How often do you have to replace the blades? How easy and how expensive is this? Does the robotic lawn mower easily get scratched or dirty? What guarantee does it have? Are there spare parts?

  • Functionality/safety: What settings are available? How much control does the user have of the cutting schedule? Does the robotic lawn mower use pivot blades or fixed blades? Does the signal in the perimeter wire interfere with other robotic lawnmowers? How safe is the robotic lawn mower? Can children or pets get at the blades? How much damage do the blades do, for example to forgotten toys? How effective is the theft protection? What happens if you forget the PIN code, or somebody enters the wrong PIN code?

We have pushed each robotic lawn mower to the limits of what it can cope with to see what types of situations and environments it can handle. Each robotic lawn mower has been given a score according to its value for money; in other words how good it is in each area in relation to its price tag. An expensive model thus has higher expectations than a cheaper one, and vice versa. We noted how often, where and why each robotic lawn mower stopped, and what consequences that had on the cutting result.

Useful information about robotic lawn mowers

AI

AI stands for Artificial Intelligence. This is what gives robotic lawn mowers their problem-solving ability. Just like people, the better they are at solving a variety of problems, the more intelligent robotic lawn mowers are considered to be. Working out how to make a robotic mower more intelligent is an extremely expensive process that involves a great deal of trial and error. For this reason, robotic lawn mowers from companies that have been manufacturing them for a long time tend to have a better AI than newcomers, whose models often demonstrate "teething troubles" in terms of problem-solving ability. In practice, this is because some manufacturers have succeeded in creating more intelligent algorithms than others. An algorithm can be seen as a set of instructions that tell the robotic lawn mower what it should do in a range of different situations.

User-friendliness

Probably the major reason to buy a robotic lawn mower is to save time and effort. So it's obvious that you want it to be user-friendly.

To begin with, installation should be simple and straightforward, so that you can easily start using your robotic lawn mower. Some models are easier to install than others, and this difference can be particularly clear if you're doing the entire installation yourself for the first time.

When the installation is complete, the most important aspects that must be user-friendly are the robotic lawn mower's computer and control panel. The interface and menu system should be so intuitive that it's easy to navigate through the different functions. If the control panel has too few buttons, programming becomes time-consuming, while too many buttons can be confusing if the layout isn't sufficiently clear.

Build quality & durability

Robotic lawn mowers are expensive and complicated products, so it's important they don't break down. The factory guarantee covers the initial period, but after that you have to pay for repairs and maintenance yourself. In general, a high build quality means a durable robotic lawn mower. To have a long lifetime, the robotic lawn mower should also be impact resistant and not sensitive to external influences. It should therefore be moisture-resistant; in a rainy and damp climate, moisture should be prevented from penetrating the many circuits that make up a robotic lawn mower. It should also be heat-resistant so that it doesn't overheat from being out in the blazing sun for days on end. The blades should also be robust so that they don't bend or break when they hit hard objects such as stones, roots or forgotten toys.

Design

The design of the robotic lawn mower determines not only how attractive it is but also how reliable and durable it is – and how well it handles difficult terrain. Robotic lawn mower designers must constantly manage conflicts between aesthetics, performance, functionality, manufacturing costs and safety. For example, a bigger cutting width is almost always preferable from a purely technical perspective, as it makes the robotic lawn mower more stable and quicker at cutting the lawn. At the same time it's also more expensive to manufacture such a mower. A smaller safety buffer around the inside of the housing makes possible a wider cutting width but simultaneously increases the risks of accidents. In the same way, a big red "STOP" button is useful from a safety viewpoint, but from an aesthetic perspective it's nicer if it's a bit less visible. So in a well-designed robotic lawn mower, all of these factors are taken into account.

Reliability

Reliability is perhaps the single most important characteristic of a robotic lawn mower. The whole idea of a robotic lawn mower – like all other types of robot – is for it to look after itself and to require as little work from its operator as possible. When the robotic lawn mower has been installed and programmed, it should therefore require minimal effort from its owner. An extremely reliable robotic lawn mower won't necessarily be able to cut the grass everywhere, but at the same time it should never get stuck anywhere either. But of course you also want it to be able to cut the more tricky parts of the garden. In practice, this means that no robotic lawn mower is completely reliable, and that they all sooner or later get helplessly stuck somewhere. However, for the most reliable robotic lawn mowers this happens very rarely, while the least reliable get stuck very often. The characteristics that are most important for reliability are the robotic lawn mower's terrain-handling abilities and its AI.

Terrain-handling

A robotic lawn mower's terrain-handling is the decisive aspect of its functionality. Partly because it determines where the robotic lawn mower will be able to cut the grass, and partly because it indirectly determines how often the robotic lawn mower will get stuck.

The most common obstacles that we identified in our robotic lawn mower test are:

Lumps and bumps: The simplest lawn for a robotic lawn mower to cut is completely flat. However, this is an ideal that the majority of lawns simply don't meet. Particularly in Sweden, where lawns are often allowed to retain a slightly more wild character. So it's common to encounter lumps and bumps – particularly small ones – which you don't necessarily think about before they cause problems; for example for your robotic lawn mower.

Gradients: Lawns often extend over inclined ground such as slopes, banks etc. Sometimes the gradient is minimal, sometimes it's severe. It's primarily major gradients that cause problems for robotic lawn mowers, even if the slope itself is short. Sloping ground is a challenge for robotic lawn mowers, and the majority of them can cope with a maximum 15° gradient. The best models can cope with 20-25°, which means that they are able to handle the majority of garden gradients.

Obstacles: Obstacles can be found in practically all gardens, and present the most common type of challenge for robotic lawn mowers. There are many common obstacles, which include trees, fences, walls, posts, compost heaps, pots, bushes, roots, paths, patios, flower beds, flagpoles, statues, sandpits, raised vegetable beds, log piles, swings and trampolines. The challenges created by obstacles vary significantly in type and level of difficulty. The most common obstacles are also among the most easily managed and involve hard, uniform objects that stick straight up out of the lawn, such as trees and fences. All robotic lawnmowers should handle these with ease. More difficult obstacles are things like bushes, trampolines and swings if they are attached to the ground with planks. The roots of bushes can trap robotic lawn mowers, while they can easily get stuck in trampoline legs or any planks used to attach swings.

Surface: There are a number of different surfaces that provide major challenges for robotic lawnmowers, such as roots, gravel, loose earth/sand, newly planted grass, leaves, pine cones and clay. These all create a loose and/or slippery surface which it is easy for the robotic lawn mower's small wheels to get stuck in. To handle difficult surfaces efficiently therefore requires sufficiently large wheels with sufficiently effective patterns. Of course the width of the wheels also affects the terrain-handling capacity, but with the right pattern and a machine that's not too heavy the wheels can be kept surprisingly narrow.

Challenging cutting surfaces: There are a number of common cutting surfaces that are particularly demanding for robotic lawn mowers.

Narrow passages/bottlenecks are challenging for a robotic lawn mower as it doesn't have eyes and so can't see in which direction the passage goes. This means that the lawn mower finds it difficult to "find the right way" and instead moves from side to side in the passage. Intelligent robotic lawn mowers have been programmed to avoid this type of situation and to quickly escape. A common trick that many robotic lawn mowers use to guide themselves through narrow passages is to follow the perimeter wire for a certain distance from the base station or to follow a guide cable.

Sharp corners are often a problem as they risk causing the robotic lawn mower to "go off track" and cross the perimeter wire. A safe lawn mower stops by itself when it realises that it has left its "enclosure", but on the other hand it will remain stationary until the owner reactivates it.

Corner areas wth lots of obstacles can represent challenges as the lawn mower risks becoming "trapped" if it constantly collides with either the perimeter wire or the obstacles surrounding the corner. To avoid the robotic lawn mower wasting time in a corner therefore requires a sufficiently intelligent robot that can quickly work out an escape route.

Secondary areas are areas that are separate from the primary area but which must also be cut. For example, a secondary area could be the smaller lawn in front of a house with a big lawn (the primary area) in the back garden. Often the secondary and primary areas are connected by a narrow passage.

Robotic lawn mowers are not intended or designed to cope with long, coarse or wet grass. An overgrown lawn may therefore need to be cut with a conventional lawn mower before it becomes manageable for a robotic lawn mower. This applies particularly to small lawn mowers. Even if the lawn mower manages to force its way through the long grass, it often has to drive over the area several times in order to gradually cut the grass short. The lawn mower's wheels press the grass down each time it passes, which often results in the long grass gradually lying down rather than being cut. This particularly applies to robotic lawn mowers with pivoting blades, which are designed to give if they encounter too much resistance. Long and coarse grass is therefore one of the few areas where fixed blades are preferable to pivoting blades.

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Husqvarna Automower 315

Intelligent, user-friendly robotic lawn mower that copes with tough terrain

The Husqvarna Automower 315 is best in test because it combines very good terrain-handling abilities and high reliability with an easily programmed interface and intelligent solutions for navigation. For example, the charging station sends out a signal that means that, within a 6-metre radius, the robotic lawn mower senses the station and navigates in from different angles each time. This means that it doesn't cause tracks by the entrance. The guide cable is also a really great addition. If you have a garden with a complicated shape or many work areas, the guide cable means that the robotic lawn mower can easily find its way out and back again. Instead of travelling along the wire right around the edge of the garden, it can take a shortcut. However, we do notice some track creation along the guide cable which doesn't occur when it runs along the perimeter wire. Terrain-handling abilities are exemplary and the Automower 315 pretty much never gets stuck. It can also handle steep slopes, obstacles and paving on or around the lawn with ease. From a reliability viewpoint, in this price class it's absolutely one of the best robotic lawn mowers on the market. It's also very quiet and very strong. It can be out cutting for quite a long time. The only disadvantage when it comes to tough terrain is that the bodywork easily gets scratched.

The Automower 315 is supplied with app support and the app is very user-friendly. Through this, you can easily change settings such as start points, manual cutting height adjustment and new schedules. You connect the telephone to the robotic lawn mower via a Bluetooth connection. If you buy the premium version of the lawn mower, the Automower 315X, you also get GPS and connection via the mobile network. Then you can see where the robotic lawn mower is located in real time on a map and change settings wherever you are, provided you have mobile coverage. With the Automower 315, however, you have to be content with changing settings when you're close to the lawn mower. Given the price tag and the app's general excellence, it's still really very good. The robotic lawn mower is very easy to programme even when you're changing the settings directly via the display on the machine body. The display is large and easy to read, and the entire interface is clearly divided up so that even beginners can understand it. Overall, the Husqvarna Automower 315 is a very good purchase for anyone who wants a reliable and easy to manage robotic lawn mower. It's suitable for everything from simple, landscaped lawns to the uneven, complicated variants with several different cutting areas. However, the Automower 315 is best value for money on trickier lawns where it can really show what it can do.

Intelligent, time efficient, reliable, excellent terrain-handling abilities, quiet, easy to programme, excellent app
Easily scratched bodywork

Husqvarna Automower 430X

Intelligent, reliable premium mower for large, difficult lawns

We've made the Husqvarna Automower 430X our best premium choice because of its many strengths - excellent terrain-handling abilities, a phenomenal problem-solving capacity and lots of intelligent functions. It's very easy to install as a result of clear markings and a straightforward connection method. The display is a decent size and the interface easy to navigate and get an overview of. The 430X has no problems with cutting the stated maximum surface area. It doesn't even need to go out cutting often to achieve an excellent result. And it always finds its way home as it has both a guide cable and perimeter wire. It even has a built-in antenna, which means it can nose its way up to the docking station once it's within a couple of metres of it. Despite the fact that we've run the 430X for several months, on lots of challenging lawns, it never gets stuck. This is due to its industry-leading terrain-handling abilities. It copes with difficulties such as steep gradients, hollows, roots, a loose underlying surface, tall grass, irregular cable laying and lots of obstacles in its way. The only thing that occasionally gives the 430X problems is reversing on steep gradients, particularly on a poor surface. The lawn mower is also so quiet that you can leave it running at night. And the cherry on this particular cake is that the 430X also includes Husqvarna's excellent AMC app. Unlike competitors' apps, AMC gives you complete control over the lawn mower wherever you are as it's connected via the mobile network. This makes it possible, for example, to monitor cutting status, or to change cutting schedule or cutting height while you're away.

The Automower 430X is quite large but can still get through narrow passages, and has no problem finding its way out of more enclosed areas. Unfortunately the bodywork easily gets scratched, and is damaged after just a few impacts with garden furniture and protruding branches. But this is the only real disadvantage of this robotic lawn mower. If you have a simple, open and perfectly laid lawn there are cheaper alternatives to the 430X. But if you've got a large, difficult lawn, the Husqvarna Automower 430X offers an unbeatable combination of reliability, terrain handling, time efficiency and user-friendliness.

Fantastic terrain-handling abilities, quiet, quick, high reliability, intelligent, easy to programme
Easily scratched bodywork

McCulloch Rob R600

Simple budget mower that does its job with panache

The McCulloch Rob R600 constitutes a winning combination, with its good terrain-handling abilities and easily programmed interface, and is therefore our best budget choice. It's a relatively intelligent robotic lawn mower with very good reliability thanks to good design and material choices, and a problem-solving ability that's unbeatable for its price class. Just like many other smaller robotic lawn mowers, the R600 has three wheels, but here the paired wheels are at the front. This gives it good stability even on more uneven terrain. It can also cope with paving along the perimeter wire without any problem. The cutting result is good. It's quite narrow, so it takes a while for it to cut the entire area, but on the other hand it lasts for a long time on one charge. On average, it's out cutting for 60 minutes every other hour during the set working hours. It's also quite a quiet machine. It can only find its way home via the guide cable, not via the perimeter wire. On models intended for large gardens, a guide cable is a good complement to a system, as it's important to be able to take shortcuts. But on a small, uncomplicated plot, it would often be easier not to have a guide cable, as it becomes something that increases the risk of cable breakage, while the installation also becomes slightly more time-consuming. On the other hand, it's good that it has the option of a guide cable. But we'd have preferred not to be limited to just this one alternative.

It's very easy to get set up and programme the Rob R600. The display is large and clear. There's a knob on the top to set the cutting height. The knob is protected by a cover, and there's also a narrow display beneath it that shows the chosen setting. The mower also includes a generous amount of installation material. The robot doesn't detect its charging station like many more expensive models. This means in practice that it tends to collide with the station when it's out cutting. So you need to anchor it into the ground well and be careful with how you conceal the cables. Another disadvantage when you're buying in this price class is that the mowers don't have large numbers of functions. In principle, you get what you need so that it can cope with cutting and navigating on the lawn, but no advanced setting options. The R600 may be simple, but it has major advantages in that it doesn't get stuck and can take itself out of tricky situations. It has no problems with obstacles on its way home, finding its way out of small, enclosed areas or handling obstacles on the lawn during cutting. The R600 is best on small to medium-size lawns - even complicated ones - without steep slopes and with a relatively even underlying surface.

User-friendly, easy to install, good terrain-handling abilities, reliable, good design
Few functions, limited maximum gradient, guide cable not optional

Husqvarna Automower 450X

The king of robotic lawn mowers, with unbeatable functionality and performance

The Husqvarna Automower 450X is a quiet, strong and reliable premium lawn mower with an unusually high cutting capacity. It can cut for several hours at a time without having to go home and recharge. When it does go home, or out again, it can run along the perimeter wire or guide cable. The guide cable is a kind of shortcut you lay across the garden so that the robotic lawn mower can easily find its way out to and back from specific places. In total, it can deal with three different guide cables, which means significant time savings in large, complicated areas. It can also detect the charging station when it gets closer to it, by means of a built-in antenna. These features facilitate a quick and safe return home. However, one of the 450X's foremost strengths is its terrain-handling abilities. It can cope with everything from simple, large and flat lawns with trees and bushes to smaller, divided lawns with corridors between. Hollows in the lawn, undergrowth here and there and lots of fallen fruit pose no problem at all. When it approaches larger obstacles, it reads these with an ultrasound sensor and slows down so that there are no sudden collisions. This reduces the risk of scratches on the otherwise easily scratched bodywork. It also means that it can keep up a higher speed on open areas than would otherwise have been possible. The 450X can also cope with steep slopes. It's a little weak at reversing on slopes with gradients above the stated specification, but in general the 450X is very strong. It's only when the slope gets so steep that it's rubbing on the underside of the bodywork that it can't move any further, because it becomes physically impossible.

The Automower 450X works very quietly and can even cut the lawn at night. This is when the built-in headlights come in handy, so that you don't trip over the robotic lawn mower in the dark. You can also deactivate these. The included app is very user-friendly and gives you almost complete control over your 450X wherever you are, provided you have mobile coverage. You can do everything from seeing where the robotic lawn mower is on the lawn in real time to adjusting cutting height and working time at a distance. The app also notifies you if the robotic lawn mower is stolen or gets stuck. The robotic lawn mower is quite large but can squeeze through quite narrow corridors. For example, 60 cm is no problem. Overall, this is a reliable, strong robotic lawn mower with lots of functions that's easy to programme both directly and at a distance. It also produces very good cutting results. But it's a luxury machine primarily intended for commercial use, and the price tag reflects this. If we ignore the price, it's quite clearly the best robotic lawn mower on the market.

Unbeatable for time efficiency, reliability, cutting capacity, quiet, easy to programme, great app
Easily scratched bodywork

Honda Miimo HRM 3000

A reliable powerhouse that can cope with tough conditions

The Honda Miimo HRM 3000 is a very competent and powerful robotic lawn mower. It takes itself up steep slopes without problems, navigates tight spaces and deals with undulating terrain perfectly. One of its most positive characteristics is how well it deals with tall grass. It moves slowly but surely over the most densely grown parts where many other robotic lawn mowers wouldn't have a chance. It can pretty much stand completely still and cut if necessary when the grass is tall. The end result is even and neat. The Miimo 3000 is also extremely reliable. Once it's got used to an area - in other words, after you've fixed any obstacles - it can run for months without problems. However, if the Miimo 3000 does get stuck, it has a tendency to dig itself into the lawn. We would have preferred it to quickly realise the situation and shut itself down to save on batteries and protect the lawn. But perhaps it's also partly this function that means it so rarely gets stuck.

The Miimo 3000 has app support via Bluetooth connection. This means in practice that within a 10-metre radius of the robotic lawn mower, you can adjust things like its schedule. The interface is easy to navigate and the range of functions is very good. However, we would have appreciated a GSM connection, given the price class. This would have given you the option to control the lawn mower at distance, for example providing information if it were to get stuck. And in terms of noise, quieter cutting would have been nicer. The noise level isn't high exactly, but the noise profile when it cuts is quite shrill. If the Miimo 3000 had been a bit cheaper, we'd have been more lenient, but our demands for premium class models are very high. However, in terms of intelligence it's very good. It navigates easily through both small areas with obstacles and open spaces. A garden constantly changes with bushes growing, falling branches and fruit etc. The Miimo 3000 has no problem with any of this. It's also very easy to programme. The interface has plenty of functions but is also cleverly planned so that you can easily find what you're looking for. Text and buttons are large and clear. You can also adjust the cutting height electronically. Compared to its smaller sibling, the 310, you have a relatively free hand in positioning the charging station. However, it's still quite sensitive to begin with, and you have to find the right position to avoid causing problems. Once you've done this, however, docking is problem-free. The Miimo 3000 is a clearly premium lawn mower that's idea for large, difficult and complicated lawns, where it does an impressively good job.

Very strong and reliable, user-friendly interface, intelligent
Rather shrill, easily digs itself into the lawn if it gets stuck

Husqvarna Automower 105

Small, quiet and reliable budget class model

The Automower 105 is one of Husqvarna’s cheapest robotic lawn mowers, with a price in the upper budget class. In many ways it’s like the Gardena R50Li, which is also manufactured by Husqvarna. Husqvarna’s industry-leading AI makes the Automower 105 extremely intelligent. It resolves difficult situations easily, which makes it reliable for a budget class model. The maximum gradient is in fact slightly higher than that stated in the specifications but still moderate. The small size and low machine weight makes the robotic lawn mower easy to move but at the same time also leads to clearly limited terrain-handling abilities and a minimal cutting width. This makes cutting slow and if the area to be cut includes problematic surfaces such as large surface roots, the robotic lawn mower easily runs into problems and gets stuck. However, it is quiet and can therefore be used to advantage at night without disturbing the neighbours. Mowing the lawn at night means that you get to use it yourself during the daytime.

Safety levels are excellent. It’s almost impossible to get at the pivot blades without the lifting sensor stopping them, but if someone does succeed the blades have such a small amount of power that injuries will be limited. Forgotten toys aren’t cut into shreds, but are instead thrown out of the way bearing the odd dent. Installing the Automower 105 with its base station and perimeter wire is relatively straightforward. Husqvarna’s patented guide cable is a really clever innovation that can save a great deal of time on more complicated lawns. However, on the simplest lawns this function is unnecessary, but you still have to install the guide cable – which feels a bit over the top. Programming is simple with an easily navigated menu system and a clear user manual. The Automower 105 is reasonably priced in relation to its performance and represents a reliable investment for small and medium-sized lawns without major gradients and with a uniform surface.

*We have tested the Husqvarna Automower 105’s predecessor – the 308. The models are identical except that the 308 has a recommended cutting area of 800 m², compared with the 105’s 600 m².

Intelligent, reliable, quiet, high safety levels, easily programmed, clear user instructions
Limited maximum gradient, guide cable not optional, requires uniform surfaces

Bosch Indego 400 Connect

Neat model for small areas

The Bosch Indego 400 Connect is a small, neat robotic lawn mower with a compact docking station that makes it easy to position even in tight spaces. However, the installation is quite fiddly because the manual leaves a lot to be desired. It's very poorly translated and the installation instructions are unclear even for someone used to installing lawn mowers. The robotic lawn mower itself is also very sensitive. Pretty much everything has to be positioned perfectly to avoid errors during docking or mowing. Even variations so small that they aren't visible with the naked eye can cause the robotic lawn mower to go on strike. This means it can take a long time before the Indego 400 Connect is actually out there mowing. The software in the robotic lawn mower is also badly translated and buggy. And the tiny display means that menu choices often have to be abbreviated and that it's not always obvious to the user what's going on. This is particularly clear when we ask normal homeowners to try changing parameters under our supervision.

The Indego 400 Connect has a narrow cutting width, but as it's only intended for small lawns the cutting time is still normal. The cutting result is good, with an even, neat lawn as long as your garden doesn't slope. If it does, the lawn mower tends to slip, particularly in damp grass. It also often misses areas on slopes so you end up with tufts of longer grass there. Where the mowing surface is near a slope, you should place the perimeter wire little way in from it because the robotic lawn mower is otherwise likely to slide over the wire and stop. The software also seems to have been strangely constructed. The robotic lawn mower often stops during mowing to "update the map". This leads to annoying small interruptions during the very short time it's actually out mowing. However, it's good at finding its way home and docking when you have set up the charging station perfectly. It looks after itself quite well as long as you don't have to make changes in the software.

Neat size
Struggles with slopes, sensitive installation process, bugs in software, fiddly interface